Archives for posts with tag: aging

Last week we talked about the various emotions and the stages one goes through while coping with the loss of a loved one. This week, we will talk about how one can help others go through this process.

While mourning and grieving may be an extremely personal experience, it is essential for the family members to provide support and be there for those who have just experienced the loss. The most important thing one can do is to listen.

Listen

The importance of listening cannot be overstated. Take a cue from this personal experience:

One of our older neighbour lost her husband a few years ago. The couple had been married for 12 years. This wasn’t nearly as long as my parents had been together, but I think she actually took the loss worse. And this left her even more vulnerable as relatives and friends assumed that, since she had been a successful, independent career for most of her life, she would easily bounce back. Her needs were very different than those of my mom. She later told me that the kindest things people did for her following that death was just listen. Listen to her memories, listen to the plans they had for the future and listen to her share what made their relationship so special.

Sometimes when visiting the ones who are grieving, we tend to avoid the topic of the one who has just passed away or death altogether. While this may seem like a more comfortable, it is actually a source of great discomfort to the grieving. They need to talk about the loss and the more they talk about it, the faster they will be able to overcome it.

Pay attention to their mental and physical health

This stage of their lives poses some special risks for the elderly. Senior citizens are already at a higher risk for depression and mental health issues. Many may even begin to self-medicate with pain medicine or alcohol, leading to addiction problems. If your loved one does not seem to be doing well mentally, encourage him or her to seek professional counselling. Some may feel comfortable talking to a religious authority. Others may not know who to turn to for assistance. Help find a referral service and assure them that counsellors are now viewed as any other health professional. Many elderly citizens grew up with outdated stereotypes and may still view seeking counselling as a sign of weakness. Assure them this is not the case and, if you’ve ever received counselling, perhaps share this with them. It will help remove any misgivings.

Most importantly, be there in the time after the death.

The weeks following the death of a loved one are busy. Relatives often visit and the house is full for days after the funeral. Everything tapers off after a few weeks or maybe a month or two. Then the house becomes very quiet. Children have returned home. Friends have returned to work and the day-to-day details of life. This is when the reality of their new situation – life alone – sets in. This is when they need you most of all. And the simplest gestures now mean so much. Drop in on your way home from work with a small bouquet picked up from the market. Make a point to get together to watch a favourite team or an anticipated movie. Invite your friend out to lunch or, even better; invite him or her over to share a meal with your family.

The loss of a loved one is never easy. The kindness shown when a senior loses a spouse will never be forgotten.

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It is often said that the most certain thing and yet the most forgotten thing is death. In our heart, we are all aware that one day we and everyone around us will die. However, even this certainty is not enough to prepare for one for the massive emotional devastation that occurs due to the death of a loved one. The impact is even more severe, when this happens at an old age, and we are left wandering the streets of a new world, all alone.

In the next  post, we will talk about a few ways in which we can all help our elderly friends in coping with such a loss. This post is about the various stages of grief a person will undergo as they try to deal with this loss.

The loss of a child or a spouse is the especially devastating. Having invested an entire life in building a relationship, or in case of a child bringing them up, their sudden departure can be almost life threatening. The world suddenly starts holding less meaning and this effect alone can be paralysing.

Everyone experiences a wide range of emotions when a death occurs, the five stages of grief area well known psychological phenomena, and usually everyone goes through them. They are:

  • Denial: A refusal to accept that anything has changed
  • Anger: As the pain starts to become more real, a person directs their anger towards the situation. However, unable to do anything about it, they channelize it towards anyone and everyone
  • Bargaining: At this stage, a person realises their helplessness at the situation and starts bargaining with God for a resolution of the situation
  • Depression: Sadness, regret, guilt, humiliation and any other emotion that disconnects a person from the world manifests themselves in this stage. The person blames themselves for everything that is happening and starts moving away from the world. This is a stage in which a lot of people get stuck
  • Acceptance: Very few people get the gift of reaching this stage, however, those who do, are able to truly get on with their lives. This is not a state of happiness, but a complete realisation of the situation and acceptance in its entirety

Coping with loss is a deeply personal and singular experience — nobody can help anyone go through it more easily or understand all the emotions that one goes through. However, others can be there for support and provide comfort through this process. The best thing one can do, is to allow themselves to feel the grief as it comes. Resisting it only will prolong the natural process of healing.

Last week we discussed how consulting experts and listeting to their advise can help you manage your pain effectively. However, considering that chronic pain is often a result of our physical schedule, here are some tips that you can follow at home to live an easier life.

Reduce Work Load

You may not believe in the concept of retirement, however, your body does, so make sure your take timely breaks between your work. Joint pain is directly affected by pressure from physical activities. That means joints can’t heal if they’re repeatedly subject to the same pressures that caused the injury in the first place. If you have upper back pain and continue to sit at your computer in the same position you always did, your arthritic joints can’t recover, much less heal.

Get an ergonomic consultation and make sure your desk, computer, and work area are set up properly so as not to strain your wrists, shoulders, and neck. It can also be helpful to figure out new positions to work. You might try sitting on an exercise ball or stool, or standing while using a laptop set on a high counter.

Joint pain in the knees, hips, and shoulders can benefit greatly from being stabilized either with an elastic brace or bandage or by wrapping the offending joint with inflexible sports tape. A physical or sports therapist can teach you how to wrap a painful area so the joint is stabilized and doesn’t cause pain with movement.

Keep an Eye on your Diet

Many chronic ills, such as arthritis, are inflammatory diseases, and a number of lifestyle factors — especially diet — contribute to inflammation. The reason so many health gurus advocate cutting out sugar, white flour, and processed foods such as chips is that they’re high on the glycemic index. Eating them floods your bloodstream with sugar, fueling the inflammatory process.

Eat a diet high in antioxidants to build up resistance to oxidative stress, which causes inflammation at the cellular level. Foods high in antioxidants include most fruits and vegetables and some spices — the richer the colors, the higher the density of protective phytochemicals. (Other clues include a strong smell, such as in garlic or onions, or strong flavors, such as in chili peppers and broccoli.)

Listen to your body

One of the biggest mistakes you can make is to continue with “business as usual,” not realizing that every ache, pain, and twinge is trying to tell you something. Just don’t stop moving. It might seem intuitive to avoid exercise when you’re in pain. But exercise, done right, eases stiff joints, increases blood flow to affected areas, strengthens the muscles that support the joints, and can even curb pain flare-ups. Exercise also helps you sleep more deeply, lifts your mood, and helps you lose weight, which in the long run will reduce pressure and pain.

If exercise or activity routinely leaves you sore, talk to a physical therapist about how best to treat it. Many experts recommend elevating the affected area and applying ice to prevent inflammation immediately after exercise.

Other say that although ice is usually the best therapy immediately after injury, it’s helpful to use heat therapy for chronic pain — before exercising or after ice treatment — to ease stiffness, relax muscles, and increase blood flow to the area. Hope this tips help you to stay away from chronic pains. Pour in your thoughts.

Chronic pain, as the name implies, is a condition that is bound to stay with you. You can take medication, you can exercise and you can do a lot more things, but at the end of the day, it will test your will power and move you out of your comfort zone. The techniques we have shared, can be helpful in managing your condition, but they do not guarantee a solution. At the end of the day it is best to listen to your expert and your body.

Do share your ideas with us and any special method you use to avoid chronic pain.

Elderly patients often suffer from both acute and chronic conditions that can be extremely painful. While Arthritis is the most common, there are other bone and joint related problems that can be a cause of serious pain for the elderly. Along with this, the resulting pain from cancer, skin ulcers, diabetes mellitus, and surgical procedures also plagues elderly. Pain management is therefore not just important, but also its information is essential for the elderly. In this two part series we share a few of the techniques we discovered that are helpful to the elderly in managing pain.

The first part deals with doctors and experts, and how their advice can help you overcome the difficulties of living with the pain. The second part will cover personal habits such as diet and exercise for controlling the pain.

So here we go:

Listen to the Experts

For every problem you face, there will be hundreds of people claiming to have a cure, however since, chronic pain is among the most difficult problems to treat, as the solutions aren’t always clear, and in many cases there isn’t one guaranteed fix. A lot of trial and error is required to get to the root of the symptom and beat it. You must, and its importance cannot be emphasized enough, visit only the experts and avoid the other, making claims without backing them up with facts.

In every consultation, pay attention to whether the doctor is really listening to you, and whether he or she is proactive about ordering tests to find the cause of the problem — and suggesting physical therapy, medication, or other forms of treatment tailored for you. If the treatment doesn’t solve your problem, don’t hesitate to go back, and pay even closer attention to how the doctor reacts to your “What next?” questions. It shouldn’t be a problem to come in for repeated visits while you and your doctor try to get to the root of your pain and find a solution. If you start getting the feeling that the doctor is shrugging off your concerns, feels you’ve run out of options, or is sending the message that it’s “All in your head,” it’s time to find another doctor. Senior Citizens Residences policies have been defined by senior citizens homes for better medication.

Physiotherapy

For knee, hip, back, and other types of joint pain, physiotherapy can be one of the most effective treatments. To be truly effective, your physical therapy regimen needs to be individually tailored to your specific injury and other needs. All too often, those with chronic pain are referred to “one-size-fits-all” physical therapy programs, which can be unhelpful at best, and discouraging at worst.

Ask to be referred to a physical therapist for one-on-one therapy, at least for one or two sessions. That way you’ll have the individualized attention necessary to develop the exercises suited to your needs and to make sure you’re doing them correctly.

Pay Attention to your medication

Even if you’ve gotten relief from a particular medication in the past, pay close attention to any side effects and to whether the drug loses effectiveness over time. Even better, make an appointment with your doctor specifically to discuss medications, and prepare by making a list of everything you’re taking, when you tend to take it, and how often. (Or, simply take all your medications — both prescription and over-the-counter — with you.) Be honest; the doctor can’t help you if he or she doesn’t have a clear picture of what’s happening.

With these precautions and steps, you should be able to get your pain in control, however do remember, getting relief from chronic pain is a continuous exercise and at many times it is essential that you also pay attention to your habits and diet. Next week we shall be bringing you tips and tricks that can do daily to help with your pain.

With the monsoons gone, winter is right around the corner, and a lot of us will be starting to make preparations for it. Considering that it is generally believed that nothing is more important than health, sports and exercise have taken a new level of importance because they can make the body become healthy and give people a good mood. However, if we strain ourselves more than necessary, some problems can arise after the exertion, sometimes as serious as sudden fainting and death. It therefore is necessary for us to be careful when planning and executing the exercise plan, keeping in mind senior citizen care and health.

To build a proper plan we need to examine the meaning of exercise and what it contains; exercise is anything that you’re your body moving, from walking to aerobics to recreational sport. The most important thing to bear in mind as you get older is to keep moving. On a basic level, that means making sure you don’t spend hours on end sitting down during the day, whether you are at a home for senior citizens or elsewhere. This means avoiding long periods of TV viewing, computer use, driving, and sitting to read, talk or listen to music.

While a unique plan is needed for everyone according to their specific needs, here are a few general tips that will help you as you are making your plan:

  • 2 hours and 30 minutes of moderate intensity aerobics every week
  • Do something every day. At least for 10 minutes
  • Pick up an activity and do it 30 minutes on at least five days a week
  • Two days a week, activities should include those that strengthen muscles and bones, such as weight training, carrying heavy loads and heavy gardening

Here are some examples of moderate-intensity aerobic activities:

  • Walking fast
  • Doing water aerobics
  • Riding a bike on level ground or with few hills
  • Playing doubles tennis

Make sure you don’t count your daily chores such as shopping, cooking or housework towards your 150 minutes because the effort isn’t hard enough to raise your heart rate.

Building a plan based on the above suggestions will help you generate a plan that works and keeps you healthy. We’d love to hear your comments on our approach.

Finding balance in life is always a difficult thing, whether it is between work and play or family and friends. Everyone faces these issues and only a few overcome them. Sometimes, for single working individuals, taking care of their elderly parents can also be a daunting task. From the special medical attention needed to ensuring that they have the appropriate company and most importantly the constant concern associated with their safety, whether it is your parents or  in-laws, the complications can be immense.

Help however, is available at hand these days, allowing you to fulfil your responsibilities better and to make sure that the elders in your life, have the best living environment that you are able to provide. While nothing compares to company/benefits of a family and friends, these methods are almost lifesaving in today’s busy schedule, when we are constantly pressed for time.

Getting a professional help

A nurse or a caretaker can prove to be an excellent option for ensuring that your elderly loved ones are cared for at home. They have proper training and will know what medicines to give, what diet the elderly should have, what exercises are best and the necessary steps to be taken in case of emergencies. However, they are only a boon if you make sure that you are hiring from the right agencies, as there are a lot of frauds out there, just waiting for an opportunity to strike.

Community Living Homes

Most of the old age homes in the country are run by either NGOs or the government, and none of them provide the level of service your elderly loved one’s deserve. A new option that is taking root in India, pioneered by The Golden Estate, is that of community living homes. These societies on the lines similar to flats that are rented out by individuals; however the difference is the services they provide. From taking care of their dietary needs to ensuring recreational facilities for the elderly to having a doctor on call at the campus, these places are prepared to take care of the hourly needs of your loved ones to ensure they have a dignified life. Be sure to check out the credibility of a community home before letting your parents live there.

Planning & Reminders

Sometimes the best solutions are the simplest ones. Planning is critical in taking care of your loved ones and if you are not able to plan properly, please spend some time with those experienced in taking care of the elderly to anticipate and prepare for the future needs of your loved ones.

Once you are able to see what needs your loved ones have and what areas need most attention, use reminders,  such as sticky notes or on mobile phones. Reinforce the message of taking medicines, proper food, and adequate exercise etc. and be at peace about the needs of your loved ones.

Seeking help from family or relatives

Get close family members or relatives involved in the care-giving responsibilities. Ask for and accept help from your partner, siblings & friends and you might find that others benefit from the experience. For example, getting your children involved in the caring gives them a great chance to bond with their grandparents.

Local groups

There are plenty of resources available on the internet, which can help you in providing care to those with special needs such as Alzheimer’s patients or those suffering from diabetes. In these local groups, people share their experiences and are sometimes even willing to provide specific advice about your elderly loved one’s need. They can be an excellent resource for you providing care, but before you take up any advice, please make sure you check with your doctor to avoid any issues.

But if you can’t find a local group, why not seek out an informal one of your own? Do you know anyone else in a similar position? If so, catch up with them for a coffee regularly. You might learn some new caring methods from them, perhaps be able to barter respite care with each other, or just air your grievances and feel a bit better for it.

Technology

Technology is revolutionising the way we do things today, and elderly care is not far behind. From alerts and warning systems related to falling on the ground, to automated information in case of cardiovascular issues. Look for the problem you are trying to solve, and are bound to find a technological solution related to it.

It is indeed critical that you keep yourself alert whilst caring for the elderly at home. Remember “There is only one happiness in this life, to love and be loved.”

In the last post we had mentioned different types of diabetes and why it is considered to be very dangerous. Today we discuss the symptoms and treatment for the same.

Symptoms

Symptoms of diabetes include: excessive thirst, frequent urination, being very hungry, feeling tired, weight loss without much physical effort, the appearance of sores that slowly heal, having dry and itchy skin, loss of feeling or tingling in feet, and blurry eyesight. Still, some people with diabetes do not experience any of these symptoms.

Treatment

There is no cure for diabetes, but with careful control of blood glucose level,  cholesterol level and blood pressure, it can be managed.Managing diabetes includes several lifestyle changes. These include:

Following a Meal Plan

It is not necessary for people with diabetes to only eat particular foods, rather food that are good for everyone are also good for diabetics. Such food includes those that are low in fat, salt, and sugar. Foods that are high in fiber, such as whole grains, beans, fruits, and vegetables are also great choices. Making healthy choices in your diet will help you to achieve and maintain a healthy weight, control your blood glucose levels, and prevent heart disease. It is highly recommended to consult a dietician.

Get Regular Physical Activity

Make physical activity a part of your daily life. Go on walks, ride a bike, or gardening.  Try dancing or swimming, or simply stay active by doing work around the house. Try to get some sort of exercise every day for at least 30 minutes. If you are new to exercising, start slowly and gradually increase the amount and intensity of your exercise. However make sure to talk with your doctor before you begin.

Medication

Insulin

People with Type 1 diabetes and some people with type 2 diabetes use Insulin to lower blood glucose levels. People must take insulin when their body does not take enough of it. Insulin is a liquid hormone that must be injected with shots or an insulin pump.

Diabetes Pills

In many cases of type 2 diabetes, the body makes enough insulin but is not properly used by the body. Diabetes pills are used to correct this problem. Some are taken once daily while others must be taken more often. It is important to ask your doctor or pharmacist how to take your pills. Also, be sure to talk with your doctor if you are experiencing side effects or your pills make you sick.

Self-Monitoring

It is important to keep track of your blood glucose levels regularly by using a blood glucose monitor. Logging these levels in a diary may also be helpful to get a better idea of how your treatment is going. Some people must check their blood glucose levels several times a day while others check it once daily. Consult your doctor how often you should test your blood.

Foot and Skin Care

Despite the risk of diabetes due to age and weight status, people often delay having a check-up because they do not feel any symptoms. Unnoticed injuries can contribute to ulcers, which may lead to amputation. Check your feet everyday for cuts, red spots, sores, infected toe-nails and swelling. People with diabetes are more likely to experience skin injuries and infections – For these reasons taking care of your skin is also important.

Sometimes, people experience symptoms do not realize that it may be diabetes. Diabetes, if left untreated, may lead to hazardous complications and even death. Controlling blood glucose levels, blood pressure, and cholesterol can help prevent or delay complications associated with diabetes such as heart disease and stroke.

Human body obtains glucose from  food , the liver and muscles also supply our body with glucose. Blood transports the glucose to cells throughout the body. Insulin, a chemical hormone, helps the body’s cells to take in the glucose. Insulin is made by the beta cells of the pancreas and then released into the bloodstream.

If the body does not make enough insulin or the insulin does not work the way it should; glucose is not able to enter the body’s cells. Instead the glucose remains in the blood causing an increase in blood glucose level. This high blood glucose level causes pre-diabetes or diabetes.

Pre-diabetes means that blood glucose level is higher than average but not high enough for a diabetes diagnosis. Having pre-diabetic glucose levels increases risk for developing type 2 diabetes as well as heart disease and stroke. Still, if you have pre-diabetes there are many ways to reduce your risk of getting type 2 diabetes. Moderate physical activity and a healthy diet accompanied by modest weight loss can prevent type 2 diabetes and help a person with pre-diabetes to return to normal blood glucose levels.

Symptoms of diabetes include excessive thirst, frequent urination, being very hungry, feeling tired, weight loss without trying, the appearance of sores that slowly heal, having dry and itchy skin, loss of feeling or tingling in feet, and blurry eyesight. Still, some people with diabetes do not experience any of these symptoms.

Diabetes can be developed at any age. There are three main types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes is also referred to as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes. It is usually diagnosed in children, teens, or young adults. In this type of diabetes, the beta cells of the pancreas are no longer able to produce insulin because they have been destroyed by the body’s immune system.

Type 2 diabetes is also referred to as adult-onset diabetes or non insulin-dependent diabetes. It may be developed at any age, including childhood. In this type of diabetes is the result of insulin resistance, a condition in which the body’s cells do not interact properly with insulin. At first, the pancreas is able to produce more insulin to keep up with the increased demand for insulin. However, it loses the ability to make up for the body’s cells inability to interact properly with insulin with time. The insulin is unable to help the cells take in glucose, this results in high blood glucose levels. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes amongst  senior citizens in India. An unhealthy weight contributed by a high calorie diet and lack of physical activity increases the risk for developing this form of diabetes.

Type 3 diabetes is also referred to as Gestational diabetes; development of diabetes in the late stages of pregnancy. It is caused by hormones associated with pregnancy and a shortage of insulin. This form of diabetes goes away after the baby is born, but puts both the mother and child at a greater risk for developing type 2 diabetes in later life.

Diabetes is a serious disease and when it is not well controlled, it damages the eyes, kidneys, nerves, heart, gums, and teeth. Having diabetes makes one more than twice as likely as someone without diabetes to have heart disease or stroke.

It is important to keep blood glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol under control to avoid the serious complications associated with diabetes. Taking steps to control diabetes can make a large impact in the one’s health.

In the next post we will discuss about the prevention & treatment of diabetes for the elderly.

While technology is certainly helping the elderly live an easier life, it is also leading to a reduction in the actual interactions people have with each other. This diminishing contact is resulting in a serious concern for the elderly, in the form of abuse. There was a time when it didn’t matter who the senior was, they were supposed to be respected and listened to, however we are now facing a situation where elders are becoming perhaps the most marginalized community in a society. And while issues of harassment are being raised as red flags, elderly abuse is not being addressed the way it should  be. These are people who have spent their lives helping people and now all they want is to spend the golden years of their lives in dignity, but are being denied this right by the society.

Elder abuse manifests in different forms, from  physical to  financial and leading upto the most painful and the most common, emotional. While sometime back we could come across a few instances while surfing T.V. channels or flipping through the newspaper, it is now something we can see on a daily basis. A recent survey by Help Age India pointed out that over 71% of the elders are facing abuse from their families and shockingly, sons and daughter-in-laws were responsible for a majority it. This is a difficult fact to digest, however it is the harsh reality of the times we live in. Steps need to be taken and the matter needs to be red flagged with greater intensity, as the abuse is not just confined to metros and big cities, but as the survey points out, is also prominent in smaller towns and villages.

One of the most important questions arising from the data is about its causes. Why do these kinds of atrocities occur? Is it just the generation gap or is there something deeper playing in the minds of people? We are staring into a stark reality  of degradation of the society. Are we moving into a territory which may ultimately lead to breakdown of all domestic ties? While these may seem to be unlikely future scenarios, the possibilities are real and we need to take notice.

The issue of elder abuse is a serious one. One of the best ways to prevent it is to know what it is and how it can be avoided. In the event that you know an elderly individual who is the victim of abuse, there are many resources you can turn to, from public authorities to legal professionals. If you believe someone you know is the victim of elder abuse, seek help. Drop in your views regarding this issue in the comment section.

If you encounter elderly abuse anywhere, please report it to people who can help. Here are a few numbers you can either contact or share with the victims to get in touch with directly:

HelpAge India: 1800-180-1253

Bangalore: STD code: 080

Nightingales and the Bangalore City Police: 1090 / 22943226

Nightingale’s Medical Trust Elders’ help line: 23548444

Dignity Foundation Helpline : 41511307

Chennai: STD code: 044

Help Age Senior Citizens Help Line: 1253

Dignity Foundation’s help line for senior citizens: 42133002

Delhi: STD Code: 011

Age well Foundation’s help line: 29836486

Police Senior Citizen Helpline: 1291

Mumbai: STD Code: 022

Dignity Foundation’s help line for senior citizens: 61381111

Mumbai Police &Helpage Elder Line: 1090

Shree ManavSevaSangh: 24081487

Kolkata: STD code: 033

Dignity Foundation’s help line for senior citizens: 306909999

Senior Citizen Helpline: 09830088884

Hyderabad: 040

Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation – Aasara: Toll Free No: 1253

Heritage Helpline: 23390000

Satyam – HMRI – 104

Pune : 020

Dignity Foundation’s help line for senior citizens: 30439100

There are many different hearing, language, and speech problems that affect the elderly. By understanding what the symptoms are seniors can seek the treatment they need and identify the problem as early as possible.

Hearing difficulties affect many elderly across India. The most common cause of this is presbycusis which is age-related hearing loss. This loss of hearing happens slowly, and first results in the difficulty to hear high-frequency sounds as someone talks. As this condition gets worse, lower-frequency sounds can become difficult to hear as well. Some of the symptoms include: difficulty hearing in noisy places, ringing in the ears, and voices sounding slurred or mumbled. It will also be easier to understand a man’s voice than a woman’s. While there is no cure for this condition, there are some treatments available with the most common being hearing aids.

Aphasia is a condition where seniors experience impairment in language ability. Symptoms may include the inability to understand language, inability to form words or pronounce words, and inability to read or write.

The major causes of aphasia are strokes and head injuries. And because of the complex nature of aphasia there is no universal treatment method. It presents itself differently in patients and, therefore, requires a team effort in providing a treatment plan. This may include a doctor, social worker, speech pathologist, psychologist, and occupational therapist. Overall treatment has been known to create positive outcomes when learning to adjust to these limitations in communication.

Dysarthria is a disorder that interferes with the normal production of speech. People who have dysarthria often have challenges with vocal quality, range, tone, strength in speech, and timing. Causes of dysarthria include degenerative disease (Parkinson’s, Huntington’s disease, and ALS), embolic stroke, and traumatic brain injury. Treatment is typically done by speech pathologists and includes a variety of techniques.

If you notice a change in speech, memory, organisation, or communication in general than it should be reported to your physician or the senior’s physician immediately. These problems can often occur when there is an underlying problem, so it’s important to address this as soon as possible.