Archives for posts with tag: adult-onset diabetes

Last week we discussed how consulting experts and listeting to their advise can help you manage your pain effectively. However, considering that chronic pain is often a result of our physical schedule, here are some tips that you can follow at home to live an easier life.

Reduce Work Load

You may not believe in the concept of retirement, however, your body does, so make sure your take timely breaks between your work. Joint pain is directly affected by pressure from physical activities. That means joints can’t heal if they’re repeatedly subject to the same pressures that caused the injury in the first place. If you have upper back pain and continue to sit at your computer in the same position you always did, your arthritic joints can’t recover, much less heal.

Get an ergonomic consultation and make sure your desk, computer, and work area are set up properly so as not to strain your wrists, shoulders, and neck. It can also be helpful to figure out new positions to work. You might try sitting on an exercise ball or stool, or standing while using a laptop set on a high counter.

Joint pain in the knees, hips, and shoulders can benefit greatly from being stabilized either with an elastic brace or bandage or by wrapping the offending joint with inflexible sports tape. A physical or sports therapist can teach you how to wrap a painful area so the joint is stabilized and doesn’t cause pain with movement.

Keep an Eye on your Diet

Many chronic ills, such as arthritis, are inflammatory diseases, and a number of lifestyle factors — especially diet — contribute to inflammation. The reason so many health gurus advocate cutting out sugar, white flour, and processed foods such as chips is that they’re high on the glycemic index. Eating them floods your bloodstream with sugar, fueling the inflammatory process.

Eat a diet high in antioxidants to build up resistance to oxidative stress, which causes inflammation at the cellular level. Foods high in antioxidants include most fruits and vegetables and some spices — the richer the colors, the higher the density of protective phytochemicals. (Other clues include a strong smell, such as in garlic or onions, or strong flavors, such as in chili peppers and broccoli.)

Listen to your body

One of the biggest mistakes you can make is to continue with “business as usual,” not realizing that every ache, pain, and twinge is trying to tell you something. Just don’t stop moving. It might seem intuitive to avoid exercise when you’re in pain. But exercise, done right, eases stiff joints, increases blood flow to affected areas, strengthens the muscles that support the joints, and can even curb pain flare-ups. Exercise also helps you sleep more deeply, lifts your mood, and helps you lose weight, which in the long run will reduce pressure and pain.

If exercise or activity routinely leaves you sore, talk to a physical therapist about how best to treat it. Many experts recommend elevating the affected area and applying ice to prevent inflammation immediately after exercise.

Other say that although ice is usually the best therapy immediately after injury, it’s helpful to use heat therapy for chronic pain — before exercising or after ice treatment — to ease stiffness, relax muscles, and increase blood flow to the area. Hope this tips help you to stay away from chronic pains. Pour in your thoughts.

Chronic pain, as the name implies, is a condition that is bound to stay with you. You can take medication, you can exercise and you can do a lot more things, but at the end of the day, it will test your will power and move you out of your comfort zone. The techniques we have shared, can be helpful in managing your condition, but they do not guarantee a solution. At the end of the day it is best to listen to your expert and your body.

Do share your ideas with us and any special method you use to avoid chronic pain.

Elderly patients often suffer from both acute and chronic conditions that can be extremely painful. While Arthritis is the most common, there are other bone and joint related problems that can be a cause of serious pain for the elderly. Along with this, the resulting pain from cancer, skin ulcers, diabetes mellitus, and surgical procedures also plagues elderly. Pain management is therefore not just important, but also its information is essential for the elderly. In this two part series we share a few of the techniques we discovered that are helpful to the elderly in managing pain.

The first part deals with doctors and experts, and how their advice can help you overcome the difficulties of living with the pain. The second part will cover personal habits such as diet and exercise for controlling the pain.

So here we go:

Listen to the Experts

For every problem you face, there will be hundreds of people claiming to have a cure, however since, chronic pain is among the most difficult problems to treat, as the solutions aren’t always clear, and in many cases there isn’t one guaranteed fix. A lot of trial and error is required to get to the root of the symptom and beat it. You must, and its importance cannot be emphasized enough, visit only the experts and avoid the other, making claims without backing them up with facts.

In every consultation, pay attention to whether the doctor is really listening to you, and whether he or she is proactive about ordering tests to find the cause of the problem — and suggesting physical therapy, medication, or other forms of treatment tailored for you. If the treatment doesn’t solve your problem, don’t hesitate to go back, and pay even closer attention to how the doctor reacts to your “What next?” questions. It shouldn’t be a problem to come in for repeated visits while you and your doctor try to get to the root of your pain and find a solution. If you start getting the feeling that the doctor is shrugging off your concerns, feels you’ve run out of options, or is sending the message that it’s “All in your head,” it’s time to find another doctor. Senior Citizens Residences policies have been defined by senior citizens homes for better medication.

Physiotherapy

For knee, hip, back, and other types of joint pain, physiotherapy can be one of the most effective treatments. To be truly effective, your physical therapy regimen needs to be individually tailored to your specific injury and other needs. All too often, those with chronic pain are referred to “one-size-fits-all” physical therapy programs, which can be unhelpful at best, and discouraging at worst.

Ask to be referred to a physical therapist for one-on-one therapy, at least for one or two sessions. That way you’ll have the individualized attention necessary to develop the exercises suited to your needs and to make sure you’re doing them correctly.

Pay Attention to your medication

Even if you’ve gotten relief from a particular medication in the past, pay close attention to any side effects and to whether the drug loses effectiveness over time. Even better, make an appointment with your doctor specifically to discuss medications, and prepare by making a list of everything you’re taking, when you tend to take it, and how often. (Or, simply take all your medications — both prescription and over-the-counter — with you.) Be honest; the doctor can’t help you if he or she doesn’t have a clear picture of what’s happening.

With these precautions and steps, you should be able to get your pain in control, however do remember, getting relief from chronic pain is a continuous exercise and at many times it is essential that you also pay attention to your habits and diet. Next week we shall be bringing you tips and tricks that can do daily to help with your pain.

In the last post we had mentioned different types of diabetes and why it is considered to be very dangerous. Today we discuss the symptoms and treatment for the same.

Symptoms

Symptoms of diabetes include: excessive thirst, frequent urination, being very hungry, feeling tired, weight loss without much physical effort, the appearance of sores that slowly heal, having dry and itchy skin, loss of feeling or tingling in feet, and blurry eyesight. Still, some people with diabetes do not experience any of these symptoms.

Treatment

There is no cure for diabetes, but with careful control of blood glucose level,  cholesterol level and blood pressure, it can be managed.Managing diabetes includes several lifestyle changes. These include:

Following a Meal Plan

It is not necessary for people with diabetes to only eat particular foods, rather food that are good for everyone are also good for diabetics. Such food includes those that are low in fat, salt, and sugar. Foods that are high in fiber, such as whole grains, beans, fruits, and vegetables are also great choices. Making healthy choices in your diet will help you to achieve and maintain a healthy weight, control your blood glucose levels, and prevent heart disease. It is highly recommended to consult a dietician.

Get Regular Physical Activity

Make physical activity a part of your daily life. Go on walks, ride a bike, or gardening.  Try dancing or swimming, or simply stay active by doing work around the house. Try to get some sort of exercise every day for at least 30 minutes. If you are new to exercising, start slowly and gradually increase the amount and intensity of your exercise. However make sure to talk with your doctor before you begin.

Medication

Insulin

People with Type 1 diabetes and some people with type 2 diabetes use Insulin to lower blood glucose levels. People must take insulin when their body does not take enough of it. Insulin is a liquid hormone that must be injected with shots or an insulin pump.

Diabetes Pills

In many cases of type 2 diabetes, the body makes enough insulin but is not properly used by the body. Diabetes pills are used to correct this problem. Some are taken once daily while others must be taken more often. It is important to ask your doctor or pharmacist how to take your pills. Also, be sure to talk with your doctor if you are experiencing side effects or your pills make you sick.

Self-Monitoring

It is important to keep track of your blood glucose levels regularly by using a blood glucose monitor. Logging these levels in a diary may also be helpful to get a better idea of how your treatment is going. Some people must check their blood glucose levels several times a day while others check it once daily. Consult your doctor how often you should test your blood.

Foot and Skin Care

Despite the risk of diabetes due to age and weight status, people often delay having a check-up because they do not feel any symptoms. Unnoticed injuries can contribute to ulcers, which may lead to amputation. Check your feet everyday for cuts, red spots, sores, infected toe-nails and swelling. People with diabetes are more likely to experience skin injuries and infections – For these reasons taking care of your skin is also important.

Sometimes, people experience symptoms do not realize that it may be diabetes. Diabetes, if left untreated, may lead to hazardous complications and even death. Controlling blood glucose levels, blood pressure, and cholesterol can help prevent or delay complications associated with diabetes such as heart disease and stroke.

Human body obtains glucose from  food , the liver and muscles also supply our body with glucose. Blood transports the glucose to cells throughout the body. Insulin, a chemical hormone, helps the body’s cells to take in the glucose. Insulin is made by the beta cells of the pancreas and then released into the bloodstream.

If the body does not make enough insulin or the insulin does not work the way it should; glucose is not able to enter the body’s cells. Instead the glucose remains in the blood causing an increase in blood glucose level. This high blood glucose level causes pre-diabetes or diabetes.

Pre-diabetes means that blood glucose level is higher than average but not high enough for a diabetes diagnosis. Having pre-diabetic glucose levels increases risk for developing type 2 diabetes as well as heart disease and stroke. Still, if you have pre-diabetes there are many ways to reduce your risk of getting type 2 diabetes. Moderate physical activity and a healthy diet accompanied by modest weight loss can prevent type 2 diabetes and help a person with pre-diabetes to return to normal blood glucose levels.

Symptoms of diabetes include excessive thirst, frequent urination, being very hungry, feeling tired, weight loss without trying, the appearance of sores that slowly heal, having dry and itchy skin, loss of feeling or tingling in feet, and blurry eyesight. Still, some people with diabetes do not experience any of these symptoms.

Diabetes can be developed at any age. There are three main types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes is also referred to as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes. It is usually diagnosed in children, teens, or young adults. In this type of diabetes, the beta cells of the pancreas are no longer able to produce insulin because they have been destroyed by the body’s immune system.

Type 2 diabetes is also referred to as adult-onset diabetes or non insulin-dependent diabetes. It may be developed at any age, including childhood. In this type of diabetes is the result of insulin resistance, a condition in which the body’s cells do not interact properly with insulin. At first, the pancreas is able to produce more insulin to keep up with the increased demand for insulin. However, it loses the ability to make up for the body’s cells inability to interact properly with insulin with time. The insulin is unable to help the cells take in glucose, this results in high blood glucose levels. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes amongst  senior citizens in India. An unhealthy weight contributed by a high calorie diet and lack of physical activity increases the risk for developing this form of diabetes.

Type 3 diabetes is also referred to as Gestational diabetes; development of diabetes in the late stages of pregnancy. It is caused by hormones associated with pregnancy and a shortage of insulin. This form of diabetes goes away after the baby is born, but puts both the mother and child at a greater risk for developing type 2 diabetes in later life.

Diabetes is a serious disease and when it is not well controlled, it damages the eyes, kidneys, nerves, heart, gums, and teeth. Having diabetes makes one more than twice as likely as someone without diabetes to have heart disease or stroke.

It is important to keep blood glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol under control to avoid the serious complications associated with diabetes. Taking steps to control diabetes can make a large impact in the one’s health.

In the next post we will discuss about the prevention & treatment of diabetes for the elderly.