In the last post we had mentioned different types of diabetes and why it is considered to be very dangerous. Today we discuss the symptoms and treatment for the same.

Symptoms

Symptoms of diabetes include: excessive thirst, frequent urination, being very hungry, feeling tired, weight loss without much physical effort, the appearance of sores that slowly heal, having dry and itchy skin, loss of feeling or tingling in feet, and blurry eyesight. Still, some people with diabetes do not experience any of these symptoms.

Treatment

There is no cure for diabetes, but with careful control of blood glucose level,  cholesterol level and blood pressure, it can be managed.Managing diabetes includes several lifestyle changes. These include:

Following a Meal Plan

It is not necessary for people with diabetes to only eat particular foods, rather food that are good for everyone are also good for diabetics. Such food includes those that are low in fat, salt, and sugar. Foods that are high in fiber, such as whole grains, beans, fruits, and vegetables are also great choices. Making healthy choices in your diet will help you to achieve and maintain a healthy weight, control your blood glucose levels, and prevent heart disease. It is highly recommended to consult a dietician.

Get Regular Physical Activity

Make physical activity a part of your daily life. Go on walks, ride a bike, or gardening.  Try dancing or swimming, or simply stay active by doing work around the house. Try to get some sort of exercise every day for at least 30 minutes. If you are new to exercising, start slowly and gradually increase the amount and intensity of your exercise. However make sure to talk with your doctor before you begin.

Medication

Insulin

People with Type 1 diabetes and some people with type 2 diabetes use Insulin to lower blood glucose levels. People must take insulin when their body does not take enough of it. Insulin is a liquid hormone that must be injected with shots or an insulin pump.

Diabetes Pills

In many cases of type 2 diabetes, the body makes enough insulin but is not properly used by the body. Diabetes pills are used to correct this problem. Some are taken once daily while others must be taken more often. It is important to ask your doctor or pharmacist how to take your pills. Also, be sure to talk with your doctor if you are experiencing side effects or your pills make you sick.

Self-Monitoring

It is important to keep track of your blood glucose levels regularly by using a blood glucose monitor. Logging these levels in a diary may also be helpful to get a better idea of how your treatment is going. Some people must check their blood glucose levels several times a day while others check it once daily. Consult your doctor how often you should test your blood.

Foot and Skin Care

Despite the risk of diabetes due to age and weight status, people often delay having a check-up because they do not feel any symptoms. Unnoticed injuries can contribute to ulcers, which may lead to amputation. Check your feet everyday for cuts, red spots, sores, infected toe-nails and swelling. People with diabetes are more likely to experience skin injuries and infections – For these reasons taking care of your skin is also important.

Sometimes, people experience symptoms do not realize that it may be diabetes. Diabetes, if left untreated, may lead to hazardous complications and even death. Controlling blood glucose levels, blood pressure, and cholesterol can help prevent or delay complications associated with diabetes such as heart disease and stroke.

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